All revelations guide manglossary to believe
in the continuation of life,
and to focus on the spiritual 
growth while on earth

The Egyptian Society for Spiritual and Cultural Research

HOME \ All Revelations guide man to believe in the continuation of life, .... \

 


The concept of
continuation of life
in The Ancient Egyptians Beliefs

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The Ancient Egyptians realized that life is a continuous process and will not be interrupted by the phenomenon of death. Awakening the conscience is a purifying process that supports man to lead a fruitful spiritual life.
Having realized that life on earth is a path to the other life, the Ancient Egyptians related between what man sows here on earth and what he will reap in the afterlife. Therefore, man should lead a pure life with high morality in order to enjoy the lasting life. To serve that idea, they materialized evil and goodness in the form of Set and Osiris. The benevolent Osiris was killed by his Brother Set, yet Isis the wife collected her husband's scattered pieces of flesh and put them together. As as result, he was resurrected. Through a certain mystic way of communication, Isis got pregnant, and gave birth to Horus. The son decided to avenge  his father's death. The fight between Horus and Set took place then and would continue. This fight is the part and parcel of the earthly life.


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Out of this myth, the Ancient Egyptians reached the ethical principles of virtue and malice. Osiris as representative of virtue did not die, so he lives on in the afterlife and he is portrayed as the judge in the day of doom. He rules according to the law of Truth which is symbolized by Ma'at. Ma'at is present in that day  through an ostrich feather, against which the heart of the deceased is weighed.


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The ancient Egyptians thought deeply of the meaning and secret of life. They came to believe in  an independent entity, that remains eternally after the phenomenal death of man and which they called ba. They distinguish between this entity and another one that diminishes by the decomposition of the body, that is the ka. While  ba  is completely independent and eternal, ka isrelated to the earthly "self". They also spoke of the "heart", not on a  biological level, but on an abstract one where the heart was considered  the foundation of good or bad orientations. Another important and apparently eternal part of man was the khu that may be defined as the "shining one", "glorious" and the like. It is assumed here that the difference between the ba and Khu is  that the latter is the divine inspiring part within man. It is impersonal, and  belongs to the higher level of existence that is connected to God.