Balance and
Justice on Earth

The Egyptian Society for Spiritual and Cultural Research

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The Revelation to The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) guides man to lead a balanced life where s/he can fulfill her/his spiritual needs through all her/his earthly activities without such dichotomy between body and spirit. The harmony that can be realized through manís life is achieved through believing in the Divine Law that gives everything its order. The Prophet Muhammadís life represented a perfect model of how to live in harmony with the Divine Law. Therefore, his Sunna is a source of inspiration for those who follow him, and it is part of the Shariía as a divine path that was tailored by Divine Inspiration and included in the Holy Qurían.

Shariía meant to be a source of inspiration for humankind and its ultimate goal is to realize justice on earth. That can only be achieved if man is just to her/himself by being in harmony with the Divine Law, so a balanced way of life can be attained. That is the living aspect of faith, for while it is true that faith is a private relation between an individual and Allah, it is reflected on manís behavior and ethics

A balanced life starts from the individual level when man recognizes that her/his place in the universe, and becomes aware of the continuation of life, so s/he would resist the tendency to give absolute values to fake goals. As such s/he would be just to her/himself and invest her/his life on earth. In this respect, a balanced life means that man can make every moment on earth fruitful by relating between her/his deeds in this life and the harvest that is awaiting her/him in the hereafter. Her/his strive would be in the direction of purifying her/his intention in order to be honest and sincere in acquiring spiritual, not material, rewards. To be awaken to this reality reduces manís vanity and increases her/his readiness to move forward along the ladder of spiritual development. That awareness makes her/him in continuous attempts to retain balance and restore it.

Because of the very fact that human beings live on earth, their relation with the natural world should also be balanced. That balance is only achieved when humans realize the unity of life and that they are part of the whole as well as they reflect the whole universe. Manís body is but part of that natural world and s/he should respect it and fulfill its needs without being indulged in its desires. When s/he attempts to fulfill those needs he comes across nature. Approaching nature with respect and appreciation would guarantee its bounty for all. For when human beings take care not to take more than they necessarily need, and pay attention not to destroy a plant, shoot birds for pleasure, and not to pollute their environment, Mother Nature prospers and continues to give. On the other hand, nature manifests the Mightiness of Allah and sends her/him a message. Man interacts with nature as a source of inspiration and a mirror that reflects the Presence of the Unseen. Art, from that perspective is nothing but an expression of that relationship. Man also has been curious to know the secrets of creation and the order that is embedded in the natural world. The Islamic teachings encourage human beings to see around and discover the world, and also to observe it as Signs that point to the Creator. The flourishment of science is a natural outcome of following those teachings.

On a third level, Islamic teachings reveal to human beings that they are created from one soul and to Allah, they will all return. When the oneness of manís Origin is experienced, a person will not see her/himself as an individual being, separated from her/his fellow human beings. That awareness brings humanity together, seeking what is better for all. Out of this perspective, it is the responsibility of all to support their fellow human beings irrespective of national, ideological, cultural, racial, sexual, and social and /or any other sorts of affiliations. In a world that is guided by discovering this human connection, each individual would be part of a marvelous symphony. The relationship between man and woman, poor and rich, rulers and subjects, would take different meanings if oneness of man stands in the background. The aspiration of humankind is to give all the individuals equal opportunities to realize their potentials. Equality does not mean uniformity because differentiation is the nature of things. And if each is given the chance to realize her/his potentials without social constraints, each finds a role to play and be respected for what s/he does, a dustman and minister would both receive due respect. Balance, as such is achieved, and justice prevails.

Justice is achieved when a balanced life is realized on different levels; the economic, legal and political systems are indispensable to maintain order in societies. In Islamic teachings, those systems are inspired from the basic principles of Islam as shaped by Shariía. In the economic system Islam sets general principles and leaves societies free to implement them according to their particular requirements. Unlike the communist system where individuals do not have access to private property, there is no clear instruction in Al Shariía that bans private property. Unlike the capitalist system, accumulation of wealth is of no use in a society that does not encourage superfluous style of life, and acquires modesty. While it is true that the individual human being is left free to expand her/his wealth with no limits, s/he is asked not to frozen her/his money, so that s/he will be using it either for investment or spending it on her/his expenditure. Guided by the main principles, economic regulations could interfere for the benefit of all and to eradicate poverty. Because Justice is to be prevailing for all, when it comes to aggression, sabotage, using violence, stealing or attacking others, then legal institutions interfere to ensure the safety of the members of the society, and to deal with those who violate the legal system and help them to correct their way and liberated them from false deities. Because it is one of the basic beliefs in Islam's teachings that every thing that man does is counted and rewarded, the punishment on earth aims at helping and supporting the individual person who committed a crime, by giving her/him the chance to be punished here instead of after life where s/he will have no chance to modify he/his attitude. A Political System, according to Islamic Sharia, should reflect a shared responsibility and freedom for all. According to the Islamic teachings, every human being, in her/his position has a duty to fulfill and a right to enjoy. When rights and duties are well balanced, people are given good chance to live a dignified and secure life. The leader/ ruler of a community is no exception. S/he is hired by the community to serve them, and s/he should not take her/his position to dominate them. On the other hand, if s/he fulfills her/his duties out of piousness, sets of her/himself an exemplar of how to serve people, seeking nothing but to get closer to Allah and to purify her/himself from the illusion of power, spreads spiritual awareness, and guide people to the righteous way, his reward will be so great. In an Islamic society, the community should correct their leader if they found that s/he deviates from the principles that they set together. Fears should not enter the heart of a believer who does not lean to any power but the Supreme. The courage to stand in the way of the unjust leader is considered a divine struggle. That shared responsibility between the ruler and the ruled may be realized through different political models. Each community may create the convenient model. They develop it according to their needs, their aspirations and their creativity.

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